Chęciny

Chęciny
Address:
Chęciny

Description

photo Grzegorz Szczęsny

It was a royal town till the 18th century, and the seat of a starosta who managed the district in king"s name. Conventions of knights and gentry gathered in Chęciny. First resolutions were voted here in the years 1310-1331.Municipal rights were granted to Chęciny in the 14th century. The town prospered under the rule of king Kazimierz Wielki (Casimir the Great). A church with a monastery were erected for the Franciscan order. About thirty iron ore mines were in operation. Merchants, stone breakers, miners and different craftsmen settled in Chęciny in great numbers. After abandoning extraction of lead, copper and silver ores, miners focused their attention on the exploitation of marble known as the Chęciny różanka due to its reddish color. Marble was also used as construction material by the local masons in the 16th century. During the Reformation period, Chęciny became an important center for Arian brothers and followers of Calvin. The 16th century Swedish invasion was followed by a period of economic decline. In 1707 the starosta left the ruined castle and went to live in the homesteads lying at its foot. His seat was moved to Kielce in 1796. Jewish population of Chęciny rapidly grew in the inter-war period. All Jews of the town as well as 50 persons suspected of cooperation with partisans were deported by the Nazis during World War II.

Chęciny Castle
Erected on the limestone hill in 1306 by king Władysław Łokietek (Ladislaus the Short), the castle was designated to serve Cracovian bishop Jan Muskaty. In subsequent centuries it often served royal widows as a refuge. Here stayed Adelajda, the second wife of king Kazimierz Wielki, his sister Elżbieta, and the wife of king Zygmunt Stary (Sigismond the Old) queen Bona. After the Grunwald battle (1410), some important Teutonic Knights were among prisoners of the castle dungeon arranged in its basement. Enlarged in the 14th century, the castle became of Poland"s most powerful strongholds. It never regained its former splendor after ravages suffered during the Swedish invasion (17th c.) and the Partitions (1772-1795). Its elongated structure can be divided into two parts. The older (upper) one embellished by two round towers and the younger (lower) one with the quadrilateral tower built in the 15th century. The lower castle was used for administration purposes.

Franciscan Monastery Complex
The monastery was founded by king Kazimierz Wielki in 1368. Ruined by Protestants and Swedes, it was rebuilt and enlarges in the later periods to acquire new cloisters, chapels and additional storeys. It was taken away from the Franciscans at the beginning of the 19th century and became a prison. The monastery was returned to the order in 1991. Renovated in 1997, the monastic church received the name of the Elevation of the Holy Cross Church.

Bernardine Sisters Nunnery
The nunnery was built in the Baroque style in the 17th  century. Originally occupied by the Clare Sisters, it was later taken over by the Bernardine nuns.

Synagogue
The brick synagogue was built after 1638. Preserved is the bimah made of black marble with the Chęciny marble inlays and frescoes.

A Renaissance burgher house known as Kamiennica Niemczówka was erected in 1570. It was owned by a couple, Walenty and Anna born Niemiec. The house retained many interesting architectural elements in spite of serious remodeling works.

The Royal Castle in Chęciny
26-067 Chęciny
Phone: +48 41 315 18 29
www.checiny.pl

Opening hours:
9.00 - 17.00 Monday - Sunday

Ticket prices:
April - September
- full: 10 PLN
- reduced: 6 PLN
- local: 1 PLN
- family: 7 PLN/os. (max. 5 persons)
October-March
- full 8 PLN
- reduced 5 PLN

Tourist Information Point in Chęciny
ul. Małogoska 7
26-067 Chęciny
Phone: +48 41 315 18 29
www.checiny.pl

Informations can be obtained in The Regional Center of Tourist Information
ul. Sienkiewicza 29
25-007 Kielce
Phone: +48 41 348 00 60
E-mail: informacja@swietokrzyskie.travel

Location


Practical Information

  • Poviat Youth Hostel in Chęciny
    Poviat Youth Hostel in Chęciny

    Chęciny

    ul. Białego Zagłębia 1

    Tel. +48 41 315 26 54

    The hostel offers the cheapest accommodation for children and adults, both individually and in organized groups.

  • Raj Inn
    Raj Inn

    Chęciny

    ul. Dobrzączka

    Tel. +48 41 346 51 27

    RAJ inn is situated in the woods near Paradise Cave at the Kowalczewski hiking trail from Kielce to Chęciny. Facility offers single, double and triple rooms with bathrooms.

  • Pod Srebrną Górą
    Pod Srebrną Górą

    Chęciny

    pl. 2-go Czerwca 28

    Tel. +48 41 315 10 09

    Pod Srebrną Górą Inn is situated in renovated, historical building in the Checiny center. The facility offers accomodation in rooms eguipped with bathroom and Tv.

  • Apartament z widokiem na zamek
    Apartament z widokiem na zamek

    Chęciny

    al. Partyzantów 6 / 8

    Tel. +48 41 315 30 20

    Room from: 160 PLN

    The suite is situated in the valley with beautiful panorama of medieval Chęciny castle. Comfortable accomodation ensures succesful relaxation.

  • Lidia i Eugeniusz Kuta
    Lidia i Eugeniusz Kuta

    Podzamcze

    Tel. +48 41 315 14 71

    Room from: 25 PLN

    The farm is located near the castle in Chęciny in The Chęcińsko-Kielecki Landscape Park. Near the farm there is plenty of forests and the reservoir Bolmin.

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