Literary Trail

Practical Information

  • Detailed InformationZwińRozwiń
    • Object type:
      Automobile
    • Difficulty of the route:
      Beginners
    • Route route:
      • Buskozdroj
      • Jedrzejow
      • Kielce
      • Kielecki
      • Konskie
      • Opatow
      • Ostrowiec
      • Pinczow
      • Sandomierz
      • Skarzysko
    • Locations on the route:
      Skarżysko-Kamienna, Oblęgorek, Strawczyn, Kielce, Leszczyny, Ciekoty, Święta Katarzyna, Bieliny, Doły Biskupie, Bodzechów, Dwikozy, Sandomierz, Klimontów, Nagłowice, Jędrzejów, Pińczów, Wiślica, Busko-Zdrój
    • Tourist region:
      • Busko-Zdrój Region
      • Jędrzejów Region
      • Kielce Region
      • Końskie Region
      • Opatów Region
      • Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski Region
      • Pińczów Region
      • Sandomierz Region
      • Skarżysko-Kamienna Region
    • Organizer name:
      Regional Tourism Organization of Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship
    • Organizer data:
      25-033 Kielce, ul. Ściegiennego 2 32
    • Phone:
      +48 41 348 00 60
    • Phone (second):
      +48 41 361 80 57
    • E-mail:
      a.drzewiecka@swietokrzyskie.travel
    • Tourist opinionsZwińRozwiń

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    Description

     

    There are many ways of touring and visiting the Świętokrzyskie voivodeship. One of the most comfortable and quickest is traveling by car. For those who choose this mode of touring, we have prepared the Świętokrzyski Literary Trail divided into three loops: Ponidziańska, Sandomiersko-Ostrowicka and Kielecka. While visiting sights along this route, you will get acquainted with life and works of many Polish poets and writers. Such eminent men of letters as Żeromski, Henryk Sienkiewicz, Mikołaj Rej, Witold Gombrowicz, Jan Długosz, and  Wincenty Kadłubek await impatiently to meet tourists and lovers of Polish literature at the same time. Charming palaces and manors house museums presenting their biographies and mementos. Numerous memorials commemorate traces of their stays in the Świętokrzyski region. In order to make your touring and visiting easy and pleasant, many brown road signs were posted along the three trails supplemented with description boards located on sites.

    Kielce Loop
    Skarżysko-Kamienna – Suchedniów - Oblęgorek – Strawczyn – Kielce – Leszczyny – Ciekoty – Święta Katarzyna – Bieliny

    Skarżysko-Kamienna (Leopold Staff, priest and professor Włodzimierz Sedlak)

     

    Both Leopold Staff and Włodzimierz Sedlak established important ties with the city of Skarżysko-Kamienna.

    After World War II, Leopold Staff often spent his holidays in Skarżysko-Kamienna hosted by a befriended priest Antoni Boratyński. They met for the first time in 1944, when the poet was deported from the capital during the Warsaw Uprising. He died in  Skarżysko-Kamienna on 32 May 1957, but was buried in the Powązki Cemetery in Warsaw. In the parish of St Joseph, there is an Open-Air Memory Site with Leopold Staff bust and information boards.
    Priest and professor Włodzimierz Sedlak was a well-known preacher, theologian, and philosopher as well as an author of books and scientific dissertations. He lived in Skarżysko-Kamienna for many years. A memory room devoted to Włodzimierz Sedlak in located in the Municipal and Communal Public Library (ul. Towarowa 20).

    Suchedniów (Gustaw Herling-Grudziński, Jan Gajzler)
    Born in Kielce in 1919, writer Gustaw Herling-Grudziński called Suchedniów his “beloved family place”, where he spent his childhood. He lived close to River Kamienna in a property bearing a historical name of Kuźnia i Fryszerka Berezów (Berezas" Forge). The Gustaw Herling-Grudziński reciter"s competition is held annually in Suchedniów.
    Jan Gajzler was born and died in Suchedniów. Forester by trade, he was also a painter, writer, poet, and a great lover of the Świętokrzyski region.

    photo P. Pierściński

    Oblęgorek (Henryk Sienkiewicz)

    The name of Henryk Sienkiewicz is often associated with Oblęgorek. On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of his literary work, the Poles living in the country and outside its borders wanted to show him their appreciation. They organized a fund-raising campaign and bought for him a palace with an estate (666 acres) in Oblęgorek. Till August 1914, the writer frequently stayed there, especially in summer time. That"s where he wrote some of his best works, for example, In Desert and Wilderness. In the well-preserved original interiors of the palace, the Henryk Sienkiewicz Museum was opened in 1958.

    Henryk Sienkiewicz Museum – Branch of the National Museum
    Oblęgorek, 26-067 Strawczyn
    Phone: 41 303 04 26
    www.mnki.pl/sienkiewicz
    Open:Tue-Sun 10am-6pm

    Strawczyn (Stefan Żeromski)
    A great Polish man of letters Stefan Żeromski was born in Strawczyn on 14 October 1864. His birth is duly recorded in the public register kept in the local church. The documents shows the 1st of November as his birth day because the parents wanted to postpone his military service for one year at least. Unfortunately, the Żeromski family house is not there any more.

    Kielce (Stefan Żeromski, Edmund Niziurski, Adolf Dygasiński, Gustaw Herling-Grudziński)

    photo A. Drzewiecka

    Stefan Żeromski spent in Kielce his youth. He attended the State Gymnasium for Boys in the years 1874-86. The experiences of the years spent at school are often used by the writer in his works. Żeromski was not a good student; he finished the school, but never passed the graduation exams. The same gymnasium was attended by other well-known Polish men of letters: Adolf Dygasiński, Walery Przyborowski, Bolesław Prus, and Gustaw Herling-Grudziński.On the occasion of his 100thanniversary celebrated in 1964, the Museum of Stefan Żeromski School Years was opened. Its collections include a reconstruction of a sitting-room in the Ciekoty manor house, the Żeromski family residence, as well as school benches, a wooden satchel, complete student"s gear, copies of school documents, and a full set of the first publication of all his works.

     Museum of Stefan Żeromski School Years
    Branch of the National Museum
    ul. Jana Pawła II 5, 25-013 Kielce
    tel. 41 344 57 92, fax. 41 344 82 61
    Open: Tue, Thu, Fri, Sun 9am-3:30pm, Wed 11am-5:30pm

    Edmund Niziurski was born in Kielce in 1925. His literary works are predominantly designated for children and youth. He attended schools in Kielce before and after World War II. Niziurski often placed the plots of his works in his native region of Kielce (Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Święta Katarzyna, Ciekoty, and others).

    photo M. Słowik

    Leszczyny (Stefan Żeromski)

    In the village of Leszczyny stands a late-Renaissance church of St Hyacinth. Its presbytery contains an epitaph devoted to the parents of Stefan Żeromski. They were buried in the local cemetery, but their graves cannot be identified.

    Ciekoty (Stefan Żeromski)
    In this village used to stand a manor house rented by the parents of Stefan Żeromski. The village is picturesquely located in the Wilkowska Valley and at the foot of Mt Radostowa. Here the writer spent his childhood and youth between the years 1869-83. The manor is gone, and the site together with the pond is used for recreation purposes.

    Święta Katarzyna (Stefan Żeromski)
    Stefan Żeromski scribbled his signature in 1882 on the wall of a brick chapel (18thc.) standing by the tourist trail leading up to Mt Łysica. Nearby is a statue of the writer and a legendary spring of St Francis. There are also two graves close to the chapel, one of them belongs to an insurgent of the national uprising in 1863-64. Stefan Żeromski described his death in the novel entitled Syzyfowe prace.

    Bieliny (Józef Ozga-Michalski)
    The house in which Józef Ozga-Michalski was born in 1919 does not exists any more. Majority of his poems, novels and articles are reflecting the life of the region. In many of his works, Józef Ozga-Michalski used the regional dialect. He did much for his native village: had new bells brought to the parish church, founded an outpatient clinic, and advanced the construction of the electric system. In the 1940s, the writer had a new house built in Bieliny. It was a hip roof structure covered with shingle,  made of larch and fir-tree wood. Its design was most probably imitating a hunter"s lodge. The Godki Świętokrzyskie (regional tales) is his best-known work.

    Ponidziańska Loop
    Nagłowice – Jędrzejów – Pińczów – Busko-Zdrój – Wiślica

    Nagłowice (Mikołaj Rej)

     

    Mikołaj Rej, who became the owner of Nagłowice in 1545, was a successful landlord and managed his property very well. He built apiaries and afforested the land. He is the author of the following words well-known to all his compatriots:"Let it by all and sundry foreign nations be known that Poles are no geese — they have a language of their own." A memory room of the famous poet and prose writer is located in a manor hose built in 1800 in place of the original Rej"s property. It presents his life story, works and ties with Nagłowice. The present manor is surrounded by an English-style park in which grow very old and big oak-trees remembering the poet"s times. There is a tourist information center in the manor, which also offers overnight accommodations.

     Mikołaj Rej Manor House
    ul. Kacpra Walewskiego 7, 28-362 Nagłowice
    tel. 41 381 45 70
    www.ug-naglowice.webpark.pl
    Open: May-Sept, Mon-Sat 8am – 4pm, Sundays and holidays 9am-5pm,
    Oct-April, Mon-Sat 8am – 4pm

    Jędrzejów (Blessed Wincenty Kadłubek)
    It"s believed that Wincenty Kadłubek was born around 1160 in the village of Karwów near Opatów or in the village of Kargów near Stopnica. For unknown reasons, he gave up his post as the head of the Cracovian (Kraków) bishopric and entered the Cistercian monastery of Jędrzejów in 1217. The author of the Polish Chronicle died and was buried there. His grave was opened in 1633; his remains were put into a silver coffin and eventually placed on the alter of a specially built side chapel. Polish royalties as well as many eminent Poles were coming to pray by the relics of Wincenty Kadłubek who was blessed by the church in 1764.

    Sanctuary of Blessed Wincenty Kadłubek
    ul. Klasztorna 20, 28-300 Jędrzejów
    tel. 41 386 23 08

     

    Pińczów (Adolf Dygasiński)

    There is a biographic exhibition devoted to Adolf Dygasiński in the Regional Museum. A great lover of his native region Ponidzie, Adolf Dygasiński was born and spent his childhood in the village of Niegosławice near Pińczów. He went to school in Pińczów, and later in his life stayed in the town quite often. His family sitting-room and his father"s office were recreated in the museum rooms; manuscripts of his literary works, private letters, postcards and photographs are also displayed. A statue of Adolf Dygasiński stands in front of the museum building.

    Regional Museum
    ul. Piłsudskiego 2a, 28-400 Pińczów
    tel./fax. 41 357 24 72
    www.muzeumitpinczow.eu
    Open:
    May-Sept, Mon, Tue, Fri 9am-3pm; Wed, Thu, Sat, Sun 10am-4:30pm
    Oct-April, Tue, Fri 9am-3pm; Wed, Thu 9am-5pm; Sat, Sun 10am-3pm

    Busko-Zdrój (Wojciech Belon)
    The Belon family came to live in Busko-Zdrój in 1965. That was the time when Wojtek Belon attended the local school and started to write poetry and music. While in gymnasium, Wojtek founded a band called Wolna Grupa Bukowina and took part in the 4th Stock-Exchange of Tourist Songs in Szklarska Poręba in 1971. His song Ponidzie won one of the main prizes. That was also the beginning of his artistic career. A bas-relief and a commemorative plaque devoted to the artist are placed in the Wojciech Belon Culture Center in Busko-Zdrój. The

    Wojciech Belon bench was put right in front of the center.
    Culture Center in Busko-Zdrój
    Aleja Mickiewicza 22, 28-100 Busko-Zdrój
    tel. 41 378 23 19, www.bsck.busko.pl

    Wiślica (Jan Długosz, Jan of Wiślica)

    photo M. Maciążek

    Jan Długosz, Wieniawa coat-of-arms, is known as the first Polish historian. He was ordained in 1436, and became a canon of Kraków (Cracow); later on Jan Długosz was also a canon of Sandomierz, Kielce, Wiślica and Gniezno. He was a tutor of royal sons and was often sent on diplomatic missions abroad. Jan Długosz founded a house for canons and vicars (1460) as well as a four-storied belfry (1460-70) in Wiślica. Now the Długosz House is occupied by the Regional Museum. Jan of Wiślica, born ca. 1485, is an author of the first Polish epic written in Latin and entitled Bellum Prutenum (Prussian War). The text was an apotheosis of the Jagiellon royal dynasty.

    Regional Museum – Długosz House
    Plac Solny 32, 28-160 Wiślica
    tel. 41 379 21 64, 508 869 366
    www.muzeum.wislica.pl
    Open: Wed-Sun 9am-4pm

    Sandomiersko-Ostrowiecka Loop
    Doły Biskupie – Bodzechów – Dwikozy – Sandomierz – Klimontów

    Doły Biskupie (Witold Gombrowicz)

    Witold Gombrowicz"s grand-father founded here a company manufacturing products of stone-masonry. His father limited the stonework production in order to build a carton factory. In 1911, he and his wife founded the Witulin Joint Stock Company wishing to provide their son with financial security. The development of their business was halted by the war operations.

    Bodzechów (Witold Gombrowicz)
    Born in Małoszyce near Opatów, Witold Gombrowicz stayed in Bodzechów while his father managed ironworks there. The writer"s grand-mother also lived in Bodzechów. He often payed her visits during summer holidays. There are still remains of manorial and industrial buildings that once belonged to his grand-parents. The collections of the former Witold Gombrowicz Museum in Bodzechów were transferred to Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski.

    Dwikozy (Wiesław Myśliwski)
    One of Polish best contemporary prose writers Wiesław Myśliwski was born here and spent his childhood in the house belonging to his grand-father Jan Gałęzia. The recollections of this period are often found in his works such as Kamień na kamieniuor Widnokrąg. His parents are buried in the local cemetery.

     

    Sandomierz (Jan Długosz, Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz, Wincenty Kadłubek)

    Just as in Wiślica, Jan Długosz founded a house for missionaries in Sandomierz in 1476. The building is divided into two parts by an end-to-end vestibule. The residential part is on the left, while the right section is designated for reception purposes. Now the house is occupied by the Diocesan Museum. A foundation plate with the Wieniawa coat-of-arms of the founder is placed over the southern portal. Diocesan Museum – Jan Długosz House
    ul. Długosza 9, 27-600 Sandomierz
    tel. 15 833 26 70
    www.domdlugosza.sandomierz.org
    Open: April-Oct, Tue-Sat 9am-4pm, Sundays and holidays1:30pm-4pm;
    Nov-March, Tue-Sat 9:30am-3pm, Sundays and holidays1:30pm-3pm;

    Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz
    The poet and writer Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz was very fond of the medieval city of Sandomierz. He rented a flat here in 1936 and tried to spend some time in it each year. He not only worked in Sandomierz but also wrote about the city in such works as Lato w Nohant, Wycieczka do Sandomierza, and poems in the album entitled Sandomierz. Until recently there functioned a museum of literature in the house (ul. Katedralna) that the grateful town authorities let the author for use. At present the exhibition Ciemne ścieżki devoted to the poet is kept in the Regional Museum located in the Sandomierz castle.

    Regional Museum – the Castle
    ul. Zamkowa 12, 27-600 Sandomierz
    tel. 15 644 57 57, fax. 15 832 22 65
    www.zamek-sandomierz.pl
    Open: May-Sept, Tue-Fri 10am-5pm, Sat-Sun 10am-6pm; Oct-April, Tue-Fri 9am-4pm, Sat 9am-3pm, Sun 10am-3pm

    Blessed Wincenty Kadłubek
    The author of the Polish Chronicle, Blessed Wincenty Kadłubek, was also connected with Sandomierz. Duke of Sandomierz Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy offered him a post of the provost of the collegiate chapter house. Wincenty Kadłubek founded here a parish school and became one of the teachers himself.

    Klimontów (Bruno Jasieński)

     

    The founder of Polish futurism Bruno Jasieński was born in Klimontów in 1901. He left Klimontów when he was 7 years old and later visited the town only from time to time. The family lived in the former Lubomirski house, now the seat of the Cooperative Bank. Little is known about His works created in Klimontów. It"s believed that these were the poems published in the collection But w butonierce, a drama Znawca kobiet, and a short story Klucze. The Brunonaliafestival of futurist art is organized in Klimontów every year on the occasion of his birthday, and it lasts a few days.

    Society of Fans of Bruno Jasieński"s Literary Works
    Maria Więckowska, tel. 609 696 264
    www.brunonalia.pl